Darmstadt lies 25 km south of Frankfurt. It has a population of 140.000. Its territory is 122 square metres, 45% of which is forest. Its city status was granted in 1330. Its polytechnical school was established in 1826, in 1877 it became Technical College, then in 1997 Technical University. Darmstadt is home to chemical, software developing and hair-care cosmetic companies.