It has been the center of Polish textile industry since the beginning of the 19th century. It lies in the middle of Poland. It is a trading and scientific center with seven universities and thirty research institutions. Its legendary Film and Theatre Academy, whose director was the world-famous Andrzej Vajda, is recognized all over the world. The films “Ashes and Dimonds” and “The Promised Land” were made here. Piotrkowska, the pedestrian street full of cafés and shops, is four and a half km long.